World Health Organization (WHO) launched the Healthy Cities Programme in 1986 and adopted the Ottawa Charter for Health Promotion. The five strategic areas for health promotion as laid out in the Charter formed the bases of the movement.
1. Formulating public health policy;
2. Creating supportive environments;
3. Strengthening community action;
4. Developing personal skills, and
5. Re-orientating health care services.
World Health Organization proposes that a Healthy City strives to provide:
(1) A clean, safe physical environment of high quality (including housing
(2) An ecosystem that is stable and sustainable;
(3) A strong, mutually supportive and non-exploitive community;
(4) A high degree of participation and control by the public over
     the decisions affecting their lives, health and wellbeing;
(5) The settlement of basic needs (for food, water, shelter, income, safety and work);
(6) Access to a wide variety of experiences and resources , with the chance for a broad channel of contact, interactions and
(7) A diverse, vital and innovative city economy ;
(8) The encouragement of connectedness with the precedent, with the cultural and biological heritage of city dwellers and
     with other groups and individuals;
(9) A form that is compatible with and enhances the preceding characteristics;
(10) An optimum level if appropriate public health and sick care services that is accessible to all; and
(11) High health status (good health and low diseases profile).